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    国务院关于印发中国

    浏览次数:0   更新时间:6/12/2018 11:00:00 AM 发布人:admin

      国务院关于印发中国(重庆)自由贸易试验区总体方案的通知

      国发〔2017〕19号

    各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委、各直属机构:

      现将《中国(重庆)自由贸易试验区总体方案》印发给你们,请认真贯彻执行。

      国务院

      2017年3月15日

      (此件公开发布)

      中国(重庆)自由贸易试验区总体方案

      建立中国(重庆)自由贸易试验区(以下简称自贸试验区)是党中央、国务院作出的重大决策,是新形势下全面深化改革、扩大开放和深入推进“一带一路”建设、长江经济带发展、西部大开发战略的重大举措。为全面有效推进自贸试验区建设,制定本方案。

      一、总体要求

      (一)指导思想。

      全面贯彻党的十八大和十八届三中、四中、五中、六中全会精神,深入贯彻习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神和治国理政新理念新思想新战略,认真落实党中央、国务院决策部署,统筹推进“五位一体”总体布局和协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,牢固树立和贯彻落实创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念,进一步解放思想、先行先试,以开放促改革、促发展,努力为新形势下内陆开放型经济发展起到示范引领作用,为“一带一路”建设和长江经济带发展打好坚实基础,为全面深化改革和扩大开放探索新途径、积累新经验,发挥示范带动、服务全国的积极作用。

      (二)战略定位。

      以制度创新为核心,以可复制可推广为基本要求,全面落实党中央、国务院关于发挥重庆战略支点和连接点重要作用、加大西部地区门户城市开放力度的要求,努力将自贸试验区建设成为“一带一路”和长江经济带互联互通重要枢纽、西部大开发战略重要支点。

      (三)发展目标。

      经过三至五年改革探索,努力建成投资贸易便利、高端产业集聚、监管高效便捷、金融服务完善、法治环境规范、辐射带动作用突出的高水平高标准自由贸易园区,努力建成服务于“一带一路”建设和长江经济带发展的国际物流枢纽和口岸高地,推动构建西部地区门户城市全方位开放新格局,带动西部大开发战略深入实施。

      二、区位布局

      (一)实施范围。

      自贸试验区的实施范围119.98平方公里,涵盖3个片区:两江片区66.29平方公里(含重庆两路寸滩保税港区8.37平方公里),西永片区22.81平方公里(含重庆西永综合保税区8.8平方公里、重庆铁路保税物流中心〔B型〕0.15平方公里),果园港片区30.88平方公里。

      自贸试验区土地开发利用须遵守土地利用、环境保护、城乡规划法律法规,符合土地利用总体规划,并符合节约集约用地的有关要求。

      (二)功能划分。

      按区域布局划分,两江片区着力打造高端产业与高端要素集聚区,重点发展高端装备、电子核心部件、云计算、生物医药等新兴产业及总部贸易、服务贸易、电子商务、展示交易、仓储分拨、专业服务、融资租赁、研发设计等现代服务业,推进金融业开放创新,加快实施创新驱动发展战略,增强物流、技术、资本、人才等要素资源的集聚辐射能力;西永片区着力打造加工贸易转型升级示范区,重点发展电子信息、智能装备等制造业及保税物流中转分拨等生产性服务业,优化加工贸易发展模式;果园港片区着力打造多式联运物流转运中心,重点发展国际中转、集拼分拨等服务业,探索先进制造业创新发展。

      按海关监管方式划分,自贸试验区内的海关特殊监管区域重点探索以贸易便利化为主要内容的制度创新,开展保税加工、保税物流、保税服务等业务;非海关特殊监管区域重点探索投资领域开放、投资管理体制改革、完善事中事后监管,推动金融制度创新,积极发展高端制造业和现代服务业。

      三、主要任务和措施

      (一)建设法治化国际化便利化营商环境。

      1.优化法治环境。在扩大开放的制度建设上大胆探索、先行先试,加快形成高标准投资贸易规则体系。按照统一、公开、公平原则,试点开展对内对外开放的执法与司法建设,实现各类主体公平竞争。对涉及自贸试验区投资贸易等商事案件,建立专业化审理机制。支持发展国际仲裁、商事调解机制。开展知识产权综合管理改革试点。紧扣创新发展需求,发挥专利、商标、版权等知识产权的引领作用,打通知识产权创造、运用、保护、管理、服务全链条,建立高效的知识产权综合管理体制,构建便民利民的知识产权公共服务体系,探索支撑创新发展的知识产权运行机制,推动形成权界清晰、分工合理、责权一致、运转高效、法治保障的体制机制。搭建便利化的知识产权公共服务平台,设立知识产权服务工作站,大力发展知识产权专业服务业。探索建立自贸试验区跨部门知识产权执法协作机制,完善纠纷调解、援助、仲裁工作机制。探索建立自贸试验区重点产业专利导航制度和重点产业快速协同保护机制。

      2.深化行政管理体制改革。以切实维护国家安全和市场公平竞争为原则,加强各部门与重庆市人民政府的协同,完善政府的经济调节、市场监管、社会管理和公共服务职能,提高维护经济社会安全的服务保障能力。按照权责一致原则,建立行政权责清单制度,明确政府职能边界。深化行政审批制度改革,进一步取消和调整行政审批项目,健全行政审批服务体系。进一步创新和优化服务,推进政府部分职能向行业协会商会转移试点,减少政府对微观事务的管理。探索建立以综合监管为基础、专业监管为支撑的事中事后监管体系。构建市场主体自律、业界自治、社会监督、政府监管“四位一体”的综合监管体系,充分发挥社会多元共治的作用。完善社会信用体系,推动各部门间依法履职信息的联通和共享。健全守信激励和失信惩戒机制。健全市场主体权益保障机制。公开权力运行流程,完善网上行政审批系统,探索建立体现投资者参与、符合国际规则的信息公开机制。配合商务部开展经营者集中反垄断审查。

      3.提高行政管理效能。重庆市依法向自贸试验区下放经济管理权限,精简行政机构,提高行政效能。实施全程电子化登记和电子营业执照管理,建立“一口受理、同步审批”的“一站式”高效服务模式。完善企业准入“一窗式”受理制度,实现多部门信息共享和协同管理。推动税收服务创新,包括一窗国地办税、一厅自助办理、培训辅导点单、缴纳方式多元化、业务自主预约、税银信息互动、税收遵从合作、创新网上服务等举措。建设社区服务中心,统筹自贸试验区内社会事务,完善便民服务机制,提供高标准的社区公共服务和市政管理服务。

      (二)扩大投资领域开放。

      4.提升利用外资水平。对外商投资实行准入前国民待遇加负面清单管理制度,着力构建与负面清单管理方式相适应的事中事后监管制度。外商投资准入特别管理措施(负面清单)之外领域的外商投资项目(国务院规定对国内投资项目保留核准的除外)和外商投资企业设立及变更实行备案制,由自贸试验区负责办理。进一步减少或取消外商投资准入限制,提高开放度和透明度,做好对外开放的压力测试和风险测试。积极有效引进境外资金、先进技术和高端人才,提升利用外资综合质量。外商在自贸试验区内投资适用《自由贸易试验区外商投资准入特别管理措施(负面清单)》和《自由贸易试验区外商投资国家安全审查试行办法》。探索强化外商投资实际控制人管理,建立外商投资信息报告制度和外商投资信息公示平台,充分发挥国家企业信用公示系统作用,提升外商投资全周期监管的科学性、规范性和透明度。建立多部门共享的外资管理综合信息数据系统。完善投资者权益保障机制,允许符合条件的境外投资者自由转移其投资收益。

      5.构筑对外投资服务促进体系。实施对外投资管理体制改革,确立企业对外投资主体地位,对不涉及敏感国家和地区、敏感行业的境外投资项目实行备案制,支持企业开展多种形式的境外投资合作,在法律法规规定的范围内,允许自担风险到境外开展投资合作。鼓励企业创新对外投资合作方式。依托港澳在金融服务、信息资讯、国际贸易网络、风险管理等方面的优势,将自贸试验区建设成为内地企业“走出去”的窗口和综合服务平台。加强与港澳在项目对接、投资拓展、信息交流、人才培训等方面交流合作,共同开拓国际市场。加强境外投资事后管理和服务,完善境外资产和人员安全风险预警和应急保障体系。

      (三)推进贸易转型升级。

      6.促进加工贸易转型升级。充分发挥重庆作为加工贸易承接转移示范地的优势和作用,在自贸试验区打造产业梯度转移的国际加工基地,完善以“整机+核心零部件+原材料”为龙头的全流程产业链,推动加工贸易由水平分工变为垂直整合,鼓励向产业链、价值链高端拓展,提高附加值。探索“产业链+价值链+物流链”的内陆加工贸易发展新模式。实施仓储企业联网监管,实行加工贸易工单式核销,探索更为先进的核销制度。支持在自贸试验区设立符合内销规定的加工贸易产品内销平台,建设加工贸易产品内销后续服务基地。大力培育高端饰品、精密仪器、智能机器人、集成电路、平板显示等加工贸易新产业集群,搭建加工贸易转型升级的技术研发、工业设计、知识产权等公共服务平台。

      7.大力发展服务贸易。鼓励跨国公司在自贸试验区设立地区性总部、研发中心、销售中心、维修中心、物流中心和结算中心,鼓励先进制造业延伸价值链,与现代服务业融合发展。支持“互联网+”发展,推进互联网与现代制造产业深度融合,推广大数据分析在商贸服务、医疗、教育、金融和公共管理等领域的应用。大力发展面向设计开发、生产制造、售后服务全过程的检验检测、标准、认证等第三方服务。鼓励开展研发设计、高技术高附加值产品开发和面向全球市场、风险可控的境内外维修、检测、拆解等业务。依托自贸试验区内的海关特殊监管区域,加快发展对外文化贸易,支持开展面向全球的保税文化艺术品的展示、拍卖、交易业务。深化艺术品交易市场功能拓展。培育文化产业,重点发展影视后期制作、光盘复刻、印刷、胶片拷贝等。

      8.加快发展新型贸易。支持自贸试验区内企业开展全球维修、国际分拨中转等业务。鼓励开展国内商品海外寄售代销业务。支持发展市场采购贸易。大力发展转口贸易,放宽海运货物直接运输判定标准。在自贸试验区海关特殊监管区域内,大力发展临空产业,拓宽进境维修领域,加快发展航空维修业务。允许在自贸试验区海关特殊监管区域内开展进口汽车整车保税仓储业务和保税货物质押融资业务。支持符合条件的境内外机构在自贸试验区内设立金融租赁公司、融资租赁公司,开展飞机、船舶和大型工程设备等融资租赁业务。按照公平竞争原则,积极发展跨境电子商务,完善相应的海关监管、检验检疫、退税、物流等支撑系统,加快推进跨境贸易电子商务配套平台建设。支持在自贸试验区海关特殊监管区域内建立进出口货物集散中心。支持发展国际快递物流,条件具备时,在自贸试验区试点航空快件国际中转集拼业务。支持国内外快递企业在自贸试验区内的非海关特殊监管区域,办理符合条件的国际快件属地报关、报检业务。

      9.实施高效监管服务模式。探索创新海关特殊监管区域监管模式、监管制度。在自贸试验区海关特殊监管区域内,实施“一线放开”、“二线安全高效管住”的通关监管服务模式。根据自贸试验区发展需求,不断探索口岸监管制度创新。推进将企业运营信息纳入监管系统。逐步实现基于企业诚信评价和商品风险评估的货物抽检制度。除废物原料、危险化学品及其包装、散装货物外,检验检疫在一线实行“进出境检疫,重点和敏感商品检验”模式,创新监管技术和方法;在二线简化检验检疫流程,推行“方便进出,严密防范质量安全风险”的检验检疫监管模式。推进自贸试验区检验检疫电子服务平台、数据交换平台和检验检疫智能执法系统建设,提高检验检疫对各类新业态的信息监管服务水平。探索内陆通关及口岸监管“空检通放”新模式。

      10.推进通关机制创新。深化保税货物流转模式改革。在确保有效监管前提下,在海关特殊监管区域探索建立货物状态分类监管模式。对注册在自贸试验区海关特殊监管区域内的融资租赁企业进出口飞机、船舶、海洋工程结构物等大型设备涉及跨关区的,在确保有效监管和执行现行相关税收政策的前提下,按物流实际需要,实行海关异地委托监管。推进海关通关一体化改革。鼓励企业参与“自主报税、自助通关、自动审放、重点稽核”等监管制度创新试点。依托电子口岸公共平台,完善国际贸易“单一窗口”的货物进出口、运输工具进出境、贸易协定实施等应用功能,进一步优化口岸监管执法流程和通关流程,实现贸易许可、资质登记等平台功能,将涉及贸易监管的部门逐步纳入“单一窗口”管理平台。支持将出口退税申报功能纳入国际贸易“单一窗口”建设项目。在符合监管要求和条件的前提下,支持开展进口整车在汽车整车进口口岸间转关试点。在执行现行税收政策前提下,提升超大超限货物通关、运输、口岸服务等综合能力。对入境维修复出口、入境再制造机电料件免于实施装运前检验。加快形成贸易便利化创新举措的标准化制度规范,覆盖到自贸试验区内所有符合条件的企业。

      (四)深化金融领域开放创新。

      11.优化跨境金融结算服务。支持自贸试验区开展适应内陆加工贸易、转口贸易等多种贸易业态的结算便利化试点。探索与要素市场跨境交易相适应的外汇收支便利化措施,支持区域要素市场开展国际贸易业务。支持发展总部经济,放宽跨国公司外汇资金集中运营管理准入条件。允许重庆市内银行业金融机构与自贸试验区内持有《支付业务许可证》且许可业务范围包括互联网支付的支付机构合作,按照有关管理政策为跨境电子商务(货物贸易或服务贸易)提供跨境本外币支付结算服务。进一步深化支付机构跨境外汇支付业务试点,在保证交易真实性情况下,逐步扩大服务贸易业务范围。

      12.推动跨境人民币业务创新发展。推动自贸试验区与境外开展双向人民币融资。自贸试验区内企业可根据自身经营和管理需要,开展集团内跨境双向人民币资金池业务。允许在自贸试验区内注册的融资租赁企业开展跨境双向人民币资金池业务。允许自贸试验区内租赁企业在境外开立人民币账户用于跨境人民币租赁业务。支持自贸试验区内保险机构开展跨境人民币再保险和全球保单分入业务。研究探索区内金融机构在依法合规、风险可控的前提下向境外销售人民币理财产品、开展人民币项下跨境担保等业务。鼓励在自贸试验区内设立人民币海外投贷基金。在自贸试验区开展人民币基金投资境外项目试点政策下,开展区域性净头寸总规模约束管理试点。允许外资股权投资管理机构、外资创业投资管理机构在自贸试验区发起管理人民币股权投资和创业投资基金。鼓励自贸试验区内金融机构积极创新面向国际的人民币金融产品,扩大境外人民币投资境内金融产品的范围。支持自贸试验区内符合条件的企业按规定开展人民币境外证券投资业务。

      13.探索跨境投融资便利化改革创新。探索建立与自贸试验区相适应的本外币账户管理体系,促进跨境贸易、投融资结算便利化。进一步简化经常项目外汇收支手续,在真实、合法交易基础上,自贸试验区内货物贸易外汇管理分类等级为A类企业的外汇收入无需开立待核查账户。银行按照“了解客户、了解业务、尽职审查”的展业三原则办理经常项目收结汇、购付汇业务。允许自贸试验区内符合条件的融资租赁业务收取外币租金。支持自贸试验区内企业和金融机构通过境外上市、按照有关规定发行债券及标准化金融证券等方式开展境外融资并将资金调回境内使用。支持自贸试验区内符合条件的单位和个人按照规定双向投资于境内外证券市场。逐步允许境外企业参与商品期货交易。支持商业保理业务发展,探索适合商业保理业务发展的监管模式。

      14.增强跨境金融服务功能。支持符合条件的民间资本、境外资本在符合现行法律法规及政策导向的前提下,在自贸试验区内发起和参与设立金融机构。在遵循机构总部统一业务管理政策的前提下,授予自贸试验区内银行业金融机构更多业务自主权,在风险可控的前提下自主开展资金交易业务。支持证券经营机构在自贸试验区内依法设立分支机构或专业子公司。支持在自贸试验区内设立货币兑换、征信等专业化机构。支持符合条件的重庆市证券期货经营机构进入银行间外汇市场,开展人民币对外汇即期业务和衍生品交易。支持自贸试验区符合互认条件的基金产品参与内地与香港基金产品互认。支持符合条件的银行业金融机构在自贸试验区内发行大额存单,区内注册的内外资企业均可参与投资。支持在自贸试验区设立内外资再保险、外资健康保险、国际多式联运物流专业保险等机构。鼓励在自贸试验区设立保险资产管理公司、自保公司、相互制保险机构等新型保险组织,以及为保险业发展提供配套服务的保险经纪、保险代理等专业性保险服务机构。探索在自贸试验区开展巨灾保险服务创新试点。支持在自贸试验区内建立保险资产登记交易平台。鼓励国内期货交易所在自贸试验区的海关特殊监管区域内开展期货保税交易、仓单质押融资等业务。在总结期货保税交割试点经验基础上,鼓励国内期货交易所在自贸试验区的海关特殊监管区域内开展业务,扩大期货保税交割试点的品种。进一步推进内资融资租赁企业试点,注册在自贸试验区内的内资融资租赁试点企业由自贸试验区所在省级商务主管部门和同级国家税务局审核;加强事中事后监管,探索建立融资租赁企业设立和变更的备案制度、违反行业管理规定的处罚制度、失信和经营异常企业公示制度、属地监管部门对企业定期抽查检查制度。支持自贸试验区发展科技金融,按照国务院统一部署,积极争取纳入投贷联动试点。

      15.完善金融风险防控体系。落实风险为本的原则,探索建立跨境资金流动风险监管机制,强化做好反洗钱、反恐怖融资、反逃税工作,防范非法资金跨境、跨区流动。探索建立综合性金融监管协调机制,深入开展跨行业、跨市场的金融风险监测评估,加强对重大风险的预警防范,切实防范开放环境下的金融风险。

      (五)推进“一带一路”和长江经济带联动发展。

      16.构建多式联运国际物流体系。支持在自贸试验区内建立海关多式联运监管中心,打造覆盖铁、公、水、空多种运输方式的国际物流运输体系。依托中欧国际铁路联运通道,强化运输安全,提高运输效率,降低运输成本,构建中欧陆路国际贸易通道和规则体系,发展国际铁路联运;依托长江黄金水道,探索建立沪渝外贸集装箱“五定”快班轮三峡船闸优先放行机制,发展江海联运;依托渝昆泛亚铁路通道、东南沿海港口、陆路边境口岸,以铁路和高速公路网为陆路通道,发展铁海联运和跨区域、跨国境的国际陆路运输;依托重庆江北国际机场,探索空域和航空资源管理改革,支持国内外大型企业设立基地航空公司,完善集疏运体系,加密航线航班,构建基本覆盖全球主要经济体的航线网络。

      17.探索建立“一带一路”政策支持体系。以中欧国际铁路联运通道为重点,完善自贸试验区与“一带一路”沿线各国海关、检验检疫、标准认证部门和机构之间的通关合作机制,开展货物通关、贸易统计、“经认证的经营者”互认、检验检测认证等方面合作,逐步实现信息互换、监管互认、执法互助。探索与“一带一路”沿线国家开展贸易供应链安全与便利化合作。支持自贸试验区内企业以自建、收购、股权合作等多种方式在“一带一路”沿线国家建立境外营销、物流、结算等区域性运营总部。支持以自贸试验区为依托建设中德、中韩等国际经贸、产业、人文合作平台。探索共同出资、共同受益的资本运作模式,支持在自贸试验区建立市场化的合作基金,为基础设施建设、投资贸易和产业发展提供资金支持。加强自贸试验区与“一带一路”沿线国家的高校联合培养和交流合作,加快培养适合多双边贸易投资的各方面人才。研究制定自贸试验区外籍高层次人才认定办法,落实人才签证实施细则,明确外国人才申请和取得人才签证的标准条件和办理程序,对外籍高层次人才开辟绿色通道,简化手续,为高层次人才入出境、工作、在华停居留提供便利。允许获得硕士及以上学位的外国优秀留学生毕业后直接在自贸试验区工作,完善留学生实习居留、工作居留和创新创业奖励制度。

      (六)推动长江经济带和成渝城市群协同发展。

      18.探索建立区域联动发展机制。通过自贸试验区高端产业聚集,促进内陆地区现代服务业、先进制造业和战略性新兴产业加快发展。创新区域经济合作、利益共享模式,促进区域一体化发展。依托长江黄金水道,推进自贸试验区内沿江区域有序承接产业转移。鼓励拓展服务功能和范围,自贸试验区内企业原则上不受地域限制,可到区外再投资或开展业务,如有特殊规定要求办理相关手续,应按照相关规定办理。提升自贸试验区与周边地区交通运输服务水平,优化运输组织,创新服务方式,推进自贸试验区与周边城市客运服务公交化运营,鼓励同城化服务。鼓励在自贸试验区发展货运班线、城际速递、共同配送等多样化、专业化服务方式。

      19.促进区域产业转型升级。以产业链为纽带,在自贸试验区内建立市场化运作的产业转移引导基金,促进长江经济带各省市、成渝城市群的相关园区、企业、研发机构等在研发设计、生产销售和物流配送等环节的协同配合。充分发挥长江黄金水道的重大件运输通道优势,整合内陆装备制造业优势资源,推动汽车、重型机械、船舶配套设备、轨道交通设备等向自贸试验区沿江区域集中。充分发挥自贸试验区高端要素集聚平台作用,瞄准全球和国家科技创新趋势,重点突破创新链的关键技术、产业链的关键环节,加快形成电子核心部件、新材料、物联网、航空器及零部件研发制造、高端交通装备、新能源汽车及智能汽车、生物医药、能源环保装备、智能终端等战略性新兴产业集群。在自贸试验区设立区域联合研发和配套协作平台,提高装备设计、制造和集成能力。鼓励各地区高校、科研院所在自贸试验区打造创新创业发展平台,发展新型创业孵化机构。完善自贸试验区创新创业服务体系,大力发展创业辅导、信息咨询、技术支持、融资担保、成果交易、检验检测认证等公共服务。

      20.增强口岸服务辐射功能。按照“零距离换乘”、“无缝衔接”的要求,强化自贸试验区与周边地区水运、铁路、公路、航空等运输方式有机衔接。拓展口岸功能,扩大水运口岸范围,完善自贸试验区内进口整车、水果、肉类等指定口岸建设。推动自贸试验区根据实际需要申报设立进口粮食、植物种苗、金伯利进程国际证书制度等指定口岸和指定实施机构,提升内陆口岸对周边的辐射带动作用。鼓励发展直接或间接依托口岸的经济业态,强化自贸试验区口岸服务功能,提升便利化程度,聚集人流、物流、资金流、信息流,带动腹地经济融入国际国内两个市场,形成扩大开放的叠加效应。

      四、保障机制

      (一)强化法制保障。

      自贸试验区需要暂时调整实施有关行政法规、国务院文件和经国务院批准的部门规章的部分规定的,按规定程序办理。各有关部门要支持自贸试验区在各领域深化改革开放试点、加大压力测试、加强监管、防控风险,做好与相关法律立改废释的衔接,及时解决试点过程中的制度保障问题。重庆市要通过地方立法,建立与试点要求相适应的自贸试验区管理制度。

      (二)完善配套税收政策。

      落实现有相关税收政策,充分发挥现有政策的支持促进作用。中国(上海)自由贸易试验区、中国(广东)自由贸易试验区、中国(天津)自由贸易试验区和中国(福建)自由贸易试验区已经试点的税收政策原则上可在自贸试验区进行试点,其中促进贸易的选择性征收关税、其他相关进出口税收等政策在自贸试验区内的海关特殊监管区域进行试点。自贸试验区内的海关特殊监管区域范围和税收政策适用范围维持不变。此外,在符合税制改革方向和国际惯例,以及不导致利润转移和税基侵蚀的前提下,积极研究完善境外所得税收抵免的税收政策。

      (三)加强组织实施。

      按照党中央、国务院统一部署,在国务院自由贸易试验区工作部际联席会议统筹协调下,由重庆市完善试点任务组织实施保障机制,按照总体筹划、分步实施、率先突破、逐步完善的原则加快实施;按照既有利于合力推进自贸试验区建设,又有利于各片区独立自主运作的原则,建立精简高效、统一管理、分级负责的自贸试验区管理体系。各有关部门要大力支持,及时制定实施细则或办法,加强指导和服务,共同推进相关体制机制创新,把自贸试验区建设好、管理好。在实施过程中,要创新思路、寻找规律、解决问题、积累经验;要充分发挥地方和部门的积极性,因地制宜、突出特色,做好对比试验和互补试验;要抓好改革措施的落实,重大事项要及时向国务院请示报告。

      (四)总结推广可复制的试点经验。

      自贸试验区要及时总结改革创新经验和成果。国务院自由贸易试验区工作部际联席会议办公室要会同重庆市人民政府及有关部门,及时总结评估自贸试验区改革开放创新试点任务实施效果,加强各领域试点经验系统集成,并委托第三方机构进行独立评估。对试点效果好、风险可控且可复制可推广的成果,实施分类审查程序后复制推广至全国其他地区。

      Notification of the State Council of People’s Republic of China on Issuing the Master Plan for China(Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone

      Guo Fa No.19, 2017

    To all provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government, all ministries and agencies directly under the State Council,

      The Master Plan for China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone is hereby issued to you for earnest implementation.

      The State Council

      March 15, 2017

      (Unclassified)

      The Master Plan for China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone

      The establishment of China ( Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone (hereinafter refer as FTZ) is a major decision made by CPC Central Committee and the State Council and a major initiative on deepening comprehensive reform and opening up, advancing “Belt and Road” Initiative, implementing Yangtze River Economic Belt Strategy and Western Development Strategy. To efficiently and comprehensively build the pilot free trade zone, we formulate this plan.

      1. General Requirement

      1) Guiding Principles

      To fully implement the guiding principle of the 18th CPC National Congress and the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Plenary Sessions of the 18th CPC Central Committee, series of important speeches and new concepts and strategies on governance by General Secretary Xi Jinping, conscientiously implement the CPC Central Committee and State Council’s policies and arrangements, and promote the "Five In One" Master Plan and the "Four" Comprehensive Strategic Plan, we shall adhere to the general principle of advancing development while maintaining stability, firmly uphold the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, open and sharing. To promote development and reform and lead the development of inland open economy, lay a solid foundation for “Belt and Road” initiative and Yangtze River Economic Belt Strategy, explore new ways and accumulate new experience to comprehensively reform and open up, and play an active role in leading and serving the country, we shall further free our mind and carry out the pilot project.

      2) Strategic Positioning

      With system innovation as the core and replicability and promotability as the primary requirement, we shall fully perform CPC Central Committee and State Council’s requirement on Chongqing’s strategic position and important connectivity and opening up of major western cities. We shall strive to build this FTZ into an important part of “Belt and Road” Initiative, a major connectivity hub for Yangtze River Economic Zone and Western Development Strategy.

      3) Development Objectives

      After three to five years’ reform and research, a high-level FTZ shall be built featuring convenient investment and trade, high-end industry cluster, adequate supervision, comprehensive financial service, sound regulation and outstanding influence. We shall strive to create an international logistical hub and a major port serving “Belt and Road” Initiative and Yangtze River Economic Zone and intensify the all-around opening up and deepen the Western Development Strategy.

      2. Overall Arrangement

      1) Area

      The total area of FTZ is 119.98 km2, including three regions:

      • 66.29 km2 for Liangjiang Area (including 8.37 km2 of Lianglu Cuntan Bonded Zone)

      • 22.81 km2 for Xiyong Area (including 8.8 km2 of Chongqing Xiyong Comprehensive Bonded Zone and 0.15 km2 of Chongqing Rail Bonded Logistic Center [Type B])

      • 30.88 km2 for Guoyuan Port Area

      The development of FTZ shall abide by the related land planning, development, and environment protection law and regulations. It shall be in line with the master plan for land development and relevant regulations on saving land and intensive land use.

      2) Functional Area

      According to the different function requirements, Liangjiang Area will focus on high-end industries and factors, mainly developing premium equipment, core electric components, cloud computing, biomedicine and other emerging industries, headquarters trade, trade in service, e-commerce, logistics and distribution, professional service, financing and leasing, research and design and other modern services. We shall open up and innovate financial industry, accelerate development through innovation and enhance the attraction and influence of logistics, technology, assets, talents and other factor resources.

      Xiyong Area will underscore transforming and upgrading processing trade with a focus on manufacturing industry like electronic information, smart devices and bonded logistics and distribution service and improving the development model for processing business.

      Guoyuan Port Area will emphasize on establishing a multi-model transport and logistics and distribution center by focusing on services like international container transit, break bulk and consolidation, and distribution and advanced manufacturing innovation.

      According to different customs supervision requirement, special customs supervision area (SCSA) within the FTZ will improve and innovate the system to facilitate the trade. It will offer bonded processing, bonded logistics and other bonded services; non-SCSA will focus on opening up investment, reforming the investment management system, improving oversight on on-going and completed projects, innovating financial system and developing high-end manufacturing industries and modern services.

      3. Key tasks and Measures

      1) To Foster an International and Convenient Business Environment with Rule of Law

      a) To Improve Legal Environment. We shall take bold steps to enrich opening up system, carry out pilot projects and formulate high standard investment and trade regulation and system. By upholding the principle of unity, openness and fairness, to ensure fair competition among various entities, we shall pioneer in opening up law enforcement and judicial development. A specialized trial mechanism shall be established when dealing with business cases concerning FTZ investment and trade. We support the development international arbitration and mediation mechanism for business affairs. We shall carry out a pilot reform on intellectual property rights (IPR) management. By innovative development, we shall better use patent, trademark, copyright and other IPRs, integrate IPR creation, utilization, protection, management and service, build an efficient system managing IPR, and set up a people-oriented IPR public service system. We shall explore the IPR operational mechanism to sustain innovative development and build a system featuring clear definition of rights and responsibilities, reasonable division of labor, parity of authority and responsibility, efficient operation and sound legal protection. To vigorously develop professional IPR service, a convenient IPR public service platform and IPR service stations shall be established. We will build a mechanism to coordinate law enforcement across different sectors within FTZ to improve related mediation, assistance and arbitration. A patent navigation system for the major FTZ industries and expedited coordination and protection mechanism will be developed.

      b) To Deepen Administrative Management System Reform. By safeguarding the national security and ensuring fair competition in the market, various competent departments shall enhance their coordination with Chongqing municipal government, improve government’s role in regulating economy, overseeing market, managing society and providing public service and step up its service of safeguarding economic and social safety. By following the principle of parity of authority and responsibility, we will establish an administrative responsibility list system which clearly defines the boundaries of government functions. We shall deepen the administrative approval and review system, further eliminate and streamline projects requiring administrative approval and review and improve administrative approval and review service system. Further efforts are needed to innovating and optimizing government services and transferring part of government functions to industrial associations and chambers of commerce and reducing the government’s role in managing micro-affairs. We shall research and establish an interim and ex-post supervision system based on comprehensive oversight with specialized regulation. A “four in one” comprehensive supervision system shall be set up featuring market and industry autonomy, social oversight and government regulation which will enable multi-governing model. We shall improve social creditability system and promote lawful interconnectivity and sharing of information among department. We shall develop social creditability incentives and dishonesty disciplinary mechanism and improve the mechanism of safeguarding interests and rights of market entities. We shall open the exercise of the power, upgrade the online administrative approval and review system and establish an information disclosure mechanism with the participation of investors and in line with international rules. We will carry out anti-monopoly investigation with the Ministry of Commerce.

      c) To Improve Administrative Effectiveness. Chongqing municipal government will gradually delegate economic executive power to the FTZ, streamline government agencies and improve its efficiency. We will carry out comprehensive electric registration and e-business license management and establish a “one-stop” service model integrating application, review and approval. We shall improve “ one-stop” application system for new enterprises which enables multi-sector information sharing and collaborative management. We shall promote tax innovation, including one-stop national and local tax collection, self-service centers, training and counseling, multiple payment methods, appointment service, connectivity between banks and tax administration, tax compliance cooperation and innovated online service. We will establish community service centers which integrate social affairs within the FTZ and facilitate public services, provide community services and municipal management services with high standards.

      2) To Open and Expand Investment Sectors

      d) To Better Utilize Foreign Capital. We shall implement pre-establishment national treatment and a negative list management system for foreign investors and strive to build an interim and ex-post regulation system in line with the negative list management. The FTZ will be responsible for implementing a filing system for foreign enterprise establishment or change and foreign investment projects excluded from special management on foreign investment access (the negative list) and domestic investment projects requiring approval by the State Council. We shall further reduce or eliminate restrictions on foreign investment access, increase openness and transparency and carry out stress testing and risk testing for opening up. We shall actively bring in foreign capital, advanced technology and top talents and enhance the use of foreign capital. Foreign investment in the FTZ will be bound by Special Management Measures on Foreign Investment Access in the Pilot FTZ (the Negative List) and National Security Review Pilot Rule on Foreign Investment in the Pilot FTZ. We shall research and strengthen the management of the actual controller of foreign investment and establish a foreign investment reporting system and a foreign investment information publicity platform. We will fully use the national corporate credit publicity system to supervise every step of foreign investment in a scientific, normative and transparent manner. We shall establish an integrated foreign capital management information system with multi-sectoral sharing. We shall improve the mechanism safeguarding investor’s rights and allowing qualified foreign investors to freely transfer their investment income.

      e) To Establish an Overseas Investment Facilitation Service System. We shall reform offshore investment management system, allow enterprises as the overseas investment entities, implement filing system for foreign investment projects non-involving sensitive countries, regions or industries, support overseas investment and cooperation in different forms, and allow lawful overseas investment and collaboration which will be conducted at own risks. We will encourage innovated outward investment and cooperation. Based on Hong Kong and Macao’s advantages in financial services, information, international trade networks and risk controls, we shall turn the FTZ into a leading inland for opening up and integrated service platform. We shall strengthen cooperation with HK and Macao in terms of projects, investment, information sharing and talent training and jointly explore the international market. We will enhance ex-post management and services for overseas investment and improve security risk alert and emergency response system for foreign assets and personnel.

      3) To Promote Trade Transformation and Upgrading

      f) To Support Processing Trade Transformation and Upgrading. By taking full advantage of Chongqing as the demonstration receptor for processing trade transfer, we will build an international processing base for industrial gradient transfer within the FTZ. We will improve the whole process industry chain featuring machine, core parts and raw materials and promote vertical integration from horizontal division of labor for processing trade. We encourage processing trade to develop into the higher-end of industry chain and value chain with greater added value. We shall explore a new development model for inland processing trade integrating industry chain, value chain and logistic chain. We will implement network-based supervision over warehousing enterprise, work order write-off model for processing trade and explore a better write-off system. We encourage to set up lawful domestic sales platforms for processing trade products within the FTZ and build local sales follow-up services bases for processing trade products. Considerable efforts shall be made to foster new processing trade industrial clusters for premium jewelry, precision instruments, smart robots, integrated circuits and tablet displays and build a public service platform for transforming and upgrading processing trade regarding R&D, industrial design and IPR.

      g) To Vigorously Develop Trade in Services. International companies are encouraged to set up regional HQs, R&D centers, sales center, maintenance centers, logistic centers and settlement centers in the FTZ. We support advanced manufacturing industry to integrated with modern service industry and expand to a higher-end of the value chain. We will promote the development of “Internet Plus”, in-depth integration between the internet and modern manufacturing sector and the application of big data analysis in trade and commerce services, healthcare, education, finance and public administration. We encourage testing, standard, certification and other third party services for design and development, manufacturing and after-sale services. We will promote R&D, high-tech and high-added-value product development, and international maintenance, testing and dismantling with controllable risks. Based on the SCSA within the FTZ, we will accelerate the outward culture trade and support the exhibition, auction and trading of bonded cultural art products for the global market. We will expand the function of the culture market and cultivate cultural industry with focusing on the post-production of film and TV programs, CD burning, printing, film copying.

      h) To Speed Up the Development of New Trades. We encourage enterprises to engage in global repairing and maintenance, and international deconsolidation and transit services. We will promote overseas consignment business for domestic products, the market procurement trade, re-export trade and relax the standard in determining the direct delivery of maritime goods. We will vigorously develop the airport-related industries, broaden eligible imported maintenance and speed up airplane maintenance services within SCSA of the FTZ. It is allowed to carry out the bonded warehousing business and the bonded goods pledge and financing business for the imported automobile in the SCSA of the FTZ. We support the qualified international and domestic agencies to set up financial leasing companies and carry out aircraft, ships and large-scale construction equipment financial leasing service. In the spirit of fair competition, we will actively promote cross-border e-commerce, improve supporting systems for customs supervision, inspection and quarantine, tax rebates and logistics, and speed up the building of supporting platform of cross-border trade and e-commerce. We support the establishment of an import and export goods distribution center within the SCSA. We encourage the development of international shipping and logistics and carry out international transfer and consolidation service for air mails within the FTZ when conditions are available. We support domestic and foreign shipping companies to conduct qualified territorial declaration and inspection services for international mails within the non-SCSA of the FTZ.

      i) To Implement a Highly-Efficient Supervision Service. We will research and innovate the supervision model and system within the SCSA. We will apply a customs clearance service within the SCSA featuring “the first line- free from customs supervision” and “the second line- controlled and secured”. According to its development, we will innovate the port supervision system. Enterprises’ operational information will be included in the supervision system and a goods sampling system based on enterprise’s creditability review and goods risk assessment will be gradually put in place. In addition to waste raw materials, dangerous chemicals and their packaging and bulk cargo, inspection and quarantine administration will innovate supervision technics and methods and implement “ entry and exit quarantine, key and sensitive commodity inspection” model at the first line. It will streamline the process and promote “convenient entry and exit while safeguarding from the possible risks” at the second line. We will support the development of the FTZ inspection and quarantine e-service platform, data exchange platform and smart law enforcement system in order to improve information supervision service for various new industries. We will research a new inland customs clearance and port supervision model featuring “inspection of first batch of products delivered by air and free of inspection for the rest of the products”.

      j) To Innovate The Customs Clearance Mechanism. We will deepen the reform of bonded commodity circulation mode. With adequate supervision, we will research and establish a commodity status classification supervision mode within the SCSA. For financial leasing enterprises registered in the SCSA which import or export large-scale equipment such as aircraft, ship, marine engineering structures crossing different customs jurisdiction, in ensuring the effective supervision and implementation of the relevant tax policies, commissioned remote location supervision will be enforced according to actual logistic needs. An integrated customs clearance reform will be carried out. Enterprises are encouraged to participate in the pilot supervision system featuring self-declare dutiable goods, self-customs clearance, automatic review and approval and targeted check and auditing. Based on E-port public platform, we will improve the customs single-window function for import and export of goods or means of transport and implementation of trade agreements, further optimize law enforcement procedure and customs clearance procedure, add new features like trade licensing and qualification registration and gradually integrate related departments for trade supervision into customs single-window management platform. We agree to add export duty rebate application into the single-window project. In line with regulatory requirements and conditions, we support the pilot import port transit for imported vehicles. Under the current tax policy, we will improve our service for oversize or overweight cargo in terms of customs clearance, transportation and port service. For re-export of imported maintenance and remanufacturing of imported machinery components, pre-shipment exam will be exempted. We will formulate a standardized innovation system for trade facilitation covering all eligible enterprises within the FTZ.

      4) To Further Open Up and Innovate the Financial Industry

      k) To Optimize Cross-Border Financial Settlement Service. We encourage pilot settlement facilitation projects tailored to the development of inland processing trade, re-export trade and other trades. We will research the foreign exchange revenue and expenditure facilitation measures fit in with cross-border transaction of the factor market and support regional factor market to engage in international trade. We support headquarters economy and relax the access requirement for multinational corporations’ centralized operation and management of foreign exchange funds. Banks and financial agencies are allowed to cooperate with payment organizations in the FTZ obtaining a valid payment service license whose service including internet payment to provide cross-border local and foreign currency payment settlement service for cross-border e-commerce(trade in goods or services) in line with related regulations. We will further promote payment agencies’ pilot cross-border foreign exchange payment service and gradually expand its business scope while ensuring the authenticity of each transaction.

      l) To Innovate Cross-Border RMB Services. We will promote two-way RMB financing between the FTZ and overseas market. Based on its own operational and management needs, enterprises in the FTZ are allowed to carry out cross-border two-way RMB capital pool business within their own groups. Financial leasing companies registered in the FTZ are authorized to engage in two-way cross-border RMB capital pool. Leasing companies in the FTZ are allowed to open RMB accounts for cross-border RMB leasing service. We support insurance agencies in the FTZ to carry out cross-border RMB reinsurance and global policy-sharing business. With sound legal compliance and risk control, we will research on providing RMB financial products and cross-border guarantees under RMB business by financial institutions in the FTZ. We encourage the establishment of RMB overseas lending funds in the FTZ. While implementing the pilot policy on promoting offshore RMB funded project, we will carry out pilot management on constraining the overall size of the regional net position. Foreign equity investment management institutions and foreign venture capital management agencies are allowed to initiate RMB equity investment management and venture capitals funds in the FTZ. Financial institutions in the FTZ are encouraged to innovate their RMB financial products for the global market and expand the scope for overseas RMB investing into domestic financial products. Eligible enterprises within the FTZ are encouraged to engage in overseas RMB securities investment.

      m) To Research on Reforming and Innovating Cross-Border Investment and Financing Facilitation Measures. To promote international trade and facilitate investment and financing settlement, we will study and establish a local and foreign currency account management system fit in with the development of the FTZ. We will further simplify the foreign exchange receipt and payment procedures for the current account, A Class enterprises (foreign currency management classification for goods and trade) do not need to open accounts to verify their foreign exchange earnings on the basis of real and legitimate transactions. By observing the three principles “to know clients, to understand business and to review diligently”, banks offer receipt, payment, settlement and purchasing of foreign exchange for the current account. We allow qualified financial leasing service to accept foreign currency rents in the FTZ. We support enterprises and financial institutions in the FTZ to carry out overseas financing and transfer the capital back for domestic use by overseas listing or issuing bonds and standardized financial securities according to relevant regulations. We support individuals and entities in the FTZ to carry out two-way investment in domestic and foreign stock market per laws. We will gradually allow foreign enterprises to participate in commodity futures transactions. We support commercial factoring services and research on the regulatory model for commercial factoring services.

      n) To Strengthen Cross-Border Financial Service. We support eligible social and foreign capital to initiate and participate in the establishing new financial institutions according to the current laws, regulations and policies. By observing unified services management policy of respective HQs, banks and financial institutions are allowed to have more autonomy in offering services and carrying out capital transaction services with controllable risks. We support securities agencies to set up branches or subsidiaries in the FTZ according to relevant laws. Currency exchange agency, credit agency and other specialized service providers are allowed in the FTZ. We support the eligible securities and futures institutions in Chongqing to enter the inter-bank foreign exchange market and carry out RMB-foreign exchange spot business and derivatives. We support mutual recognition between qualified fund products from FTZ and the counterparts from mainland and Hong Kong. We support eligible banks and financial institutions in the FTZ to issue large deposit certificates and it will be available to all FTZ-registered domestic and foreign enterprises. We endorse to set up special insurance agencies providing foreign capital reinsurance, international health insurance and international multi-modal transport and logistics insurance in the FTZ. We encourage the establishment of insurance asset management companies, self-insured companies and mutual insurance agencies, as well as professional insurance services for the development of the insurance industry like insurance brokers and insurance agents. We will research on the pilot project of catastrophe insurance service in the FTZ. We support to set up an insurance asset registration and trading platform. We encourage domestic future exchanges to provide bonded futures trade and warehouse receipts pledged financing in the SCSA. On the basis of summarizing the experience of futures bonded delivery, the domestic futures exchange is encouraged to carry out business in the SCSA of the free trade pilot area and increase the pilot varieties of futures bonded delivery. We will further promote the pilot domestic financial leasing enterprises. The review of the pilot domestic financial leasing enterprises registered in the FTZ will be conducted by provincial department of commerce and the same level of national tax bureau. We will strength the interim and ex-post supervision and formulate the filing system for the establishment and change of financial leasing enterprises, a punishment system for violation of industry regulations, a publicity system for disclosing dishonesty and violations and a regular inspection system for supervising enterprises. We will develop technology finance in the FTZ and strive to integrate it into pilot venture loan following the unified arrangement of the State Council.

      o) To Improve the Financial Risk Prevention and Control System. In the principle of preventing and controlling risks, we will build a cross-border capital flow risk regulatory mechanism to strengthen anti-money laundering, anti-terrorism financing, and anti-tax evasion and prevent illegal cross-border or cross-area flow. We will research and build a comprehensive mechanism coordinating financial supervision, carry out inter-industry and cross-market financial risk monitoring and evaluation, strengthen the early warning of major risks and effectively prevent financial risks in an open environment.

      5) To Promote Coordinated Development of “Belt and Road” Initiative and Yangtze River Economic Belt

      p) To Build an International Multi-Modal Transport and Logistics System. We support to build a customs supervision center for multi-modal transport and logistics and create an international logistics and transport system covering rail, land, air and water transport. Based on China-European International Rail transport channel, we will enhance transport safety, improve efficiency, reduce the cost, create Sino-European land international trade corridor and system and develop international rail transport. In terms of Yangtze River waterway, we will research and put in place a priority ship lock release mechanism for “five scheduled” fast liners carrying foreign trade containers between Chongqing and Shanghai to develop river-ocean transport. Based on Chongqing-Kunming Pan-Asia railway, southeast coastal seaports, inland port and other railway and expressway networks, we will develop rail-sea transport and cross-region and border international land transport. Based on Chongqing Jiangbei Int. Airport, we will research on reforming the airspace and aviation resource management, support big business at home and abroad to set up base airlines, improve schedule and distribution system, increase flights and air routes and build a route network covering world’s major economies.

      q) To Research and Develop a Policy Supporting System for “Belt and Road” Initiative. By focusing on China-European international rail transport channel, we will improve the customs clearance cooperation between the FTZ and customs, quarantine and inspection authorities, certification agencies of countries participating in the “Belt and Road” Initiative on customs clearance of goods, trade statistics, mutual recognition of “certified operators” and inspection and testing certification and gradually achieve information sharing, mutual recognition of supervision and mutual assistance in law enforcement. We will research on cooperation with countries participating “Belt and Road” Initiative on trade supply chain security and facilitation. We will support enterprises in the FTZ to establish overseas marketing, logistics, settlement regional centers in the countries involving in the “Belt and Road” Initiative by means of self-construction, acquisition and equity cooperation. We support China-South Korea, China-Germany and various international trade, industry and cultural cooperation platforms on the basis of the FTZ. We will research the capital operation mode featuring co-financing and shared benefits and support the establishment of a market-oriented cooperative fund for infrastructure construction, investment and trade and industry development. We will strengthen exchange and joint training between colleges and universities of countries involving in “Belt and Road” Initiative and the FTZ and cultivate talents with multi-/bilateral trade and investment knowledge. We will formulate a rule to identify high-level foreign talents and make a related visa policy to clarify requirements and procedures for high-level skills visa. We will provide a green channel for high-level talents, simplify the visa application and facilitate their entry and exit of the border, work and stay in China. Outstanding international students with a master’s degree or above are allowed to work in the FTZ after graduation. We will improve various systems concerning internship residence, work residence and innovation and entrepreneurial reward.

      6) To Promote Collaborative Development of Yangtze River Economic Belt and Chengdu-Chongqing Urban Agglomeration

      r) To Research and Build a Mechanism for Regional Coordinated Development. Through the development of high-end industrial clusters in the FTZ, we will accelerate the development of modern services, advanced manufacturing and strategic emerging industries in the inland areas. We will promote regional integrated development by innovating regional economic cooperation and benefit sharing model. Based on Yangtze River waterway, areas along the river in the FTZ will undertake the transfer of industry in an orderly fashion. We encourage enterprises in the FTZ to expand services or business scope to any other locations without geographic restriction. It should be handled in accordance with relevant procedures if any law or regulations apply. We will improve transport services between the FTZ and surrounding areas, optimize transport organizations, innovate service, promote bus services between the FTZ and surrounding cities and encourage local services. We foster the development of freight shipping, inter-city courier service, joint distribution and other diversified and professional services in the FTZ.

      s) To Transform and Upgrade Regional Industries. Based on the industrial chain, we will establish a market-oriented industry transfer guiding fund to coordinate R&D, production and sales and logistics distribution among relevant industry parks, enterprises and R&D institutions from various provinces along the Yangtze River Economic Belt and Chongqing-Chengdu city group. By giving full play to the Yangtze River’s advantage of transporting major and cumbersome equipment, we will integrate resources of inland equipment manufacturing industry and solicit more manufacturers of automotive, heavy machinery, ship equipment, and rail transportation equipment to the area along the river. By taking full advantage of the FTZ as a platform attracting high-end factors and targeting the global and national S&T innovation trends, we will focus on conquering key technology in the innovation chain and key links in the industrial chain to accelerate the formation of such strategic emerging industry clusters as electronic core components, new materials, Internet of Things, aircraft and parts research and development manufacturing, high-end traffic equipment, new energy vehicles and smart cars, bio-medicine, energy and environmental protection equipment, and intelligent terminals. We will set up a regional joint R&D and collaboration platform to improve equipment design, manufacturing and integration capability. We encourage the FTZ to co-establish innovative business development platform and business incubators with local universities and research institutes. We will improve the innovation and entrepreneurship service system in the FTZ and vigorously develop business counseling, information consultation, technical support, financing guarantees, inspection and certification and other public services.

      t) To Increase the Influence of Port Services. In the spirit of hassle-free transit, we will strengthen the connectivity of water, rail, land and air transport between the FTZ and surrounding areas. We will increase port functions, expand water ports and improve the designated port for imported vehicles, fruits and meat. We will promote the FTZ to set up designated ports or agencies for imported food, plant seedlings, Kimberley Process International Certification Scheme according to its actual needs and exert greater influence on the surrounding regions. We encourage the development of port-based or port-related economy, strengthen and facilitate port services and functions, attract talents, develop logistics, gather capital and information flow and drive inland economy into international and domestic markets which will generate combined forces further deepening opening up.

      4. The Safeguarding Mechanism

      1) To Intensify Legal Protection.

      If the FTZ needs to temporarily adjust the implementation of the relevant administrative regulation, the State Council documents and the departmental provisions approved by the State Council, please follow the prescribed procedures. All competent departments shall support the FTZ to deepen reform and opening up, increase the stress test, strengthen supervision, prevent and control risks, handle affairs concerning enacting, revising, abolishing and interpreting relevant laws and remove system hindrances promptly. Chongqing shall establish related management system for the FTZ through local legislation.

      2) To Improve Relevant Tax Policy.

      We will fully implement the existing fiscal policy and other policies to promote development. The pilot tax policy which has been implemented in China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, China (Guangdong) Pilot Free Trade Zone, China (Tianjin) Pilot Free Trade Zone and China (Fujian) Pilot Free Trade Zone can be implemented in the FTZ. The tax policy including selective trade tariffs and other related import and export policy shall be piloted in the SCSA. The scope and tax policy for the SCSA will remain unchanged. Also, in line with tax reform and international practice, under the premise of preventing profit shifting and tax base erosion, we will research and improve the fiscal policy concerning oversea income tax credit.

      3) To Strengthen the Organization and Implementation.

      According to the unified plan of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council and coordinated arrangement of the Joint Meeting of The State Council’s Working Group on Pilot Free Trade Zones, Chongqing shall formulate safeguarding mechanism and implement the project from making the master plan, implementing the plan step by step to making breakthroughs and gradual improvement. Per the principle of promoting the joint development of the FTZ while maintaining independent operation of each area, we will establish an FTZ management system featuring streamlining government function, unified management and multi-level responsibilities. All competent departments shall support it and timely formulate related rules and detailed plans, enhance related guidance and services, jointly promote significant institutional innovation and build a leading FTZ with sound management. In the process of implementation, we must innovate ideas, identify stakeholders, resolve problems and accumulate experience. We shall actively mobilize local entities and departments, make sound plans with distinctive features according to local reality and carry out comparative tests and complementary tests. We will implement every reform to the full extend and promptly report major issues to the State Council.

      4) To Summarize and Promote the Replicable Experience.

      The FTZ shall sum up experience and achievement from its reform and innovation. The Office of the Joint Meeting of The State Council’s Working Group on Pilot Free Trade Zones shall work with Chongqing Municipal Government and other competent departments to summarize and evaluate reform, innovation and opening up of the FTZ, systematically sum up experience across multiple sectors and carry out independent third-party assessments. Good and replicable achievements with controllable risks can be promoted to other areas after due classification review procedures.

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